What should someone do if she misses praying?
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Halacha provides us with an opportunity to make up missed prayers, known as tefillat tashlumin. Usually, this means that after missing a prayer, a person recites Shemoneh Esrei twice in the time window for the following prayer. The first fulfills the current obligation and the second (typically preceded by Ashrei) is a makeup (typically with Ashrei between them):
Shulchan Aruch OC 108:1-2
This law is relevant to women who usually do succeed in reciting Shemoneh Esrei at least once a day.
A woman who usually recites Shemoneh Esrei in the morning but on a given day does not manage to recite it before chatzot, halachic midday, should ideally recite Shemoneh Esrei twice at Mincha time. So too, a woman who usually recites Mincha, but misses one, should ideally recite two Shemoneh Esreis at Ma’ariv. This is the case even if she does not usually recite Ma’ariv.
For example, Mishna Berura rules that if a woman missed Shacharit on a Friday, she should make an effort to recite the weekday mincha prior to lighting Shabbat candles, with which she accepts Shabbat. If there’s not enough time for that, though, she should recite Ma’ariv twice.
Mishna Berura 263
Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach rules this way for weekdays, and adds that, if a woman usually does recite Ma’ariv, even though she is not obligated to recite Ma’ariv because women are exempt, she may be stringent and recite Shemoneh Esrei twice at Shacharit.
Halichot Shlomo, Tefilla, 13:8, 14
If a woman doesn’t recite tefillat tashlumin in the prayer service immediately following her missed tefilla, there are no further steps to take. She retroactively relies on the more lenient views regarding women’s obligation to pray.
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